Jun 10, 2021

Is Sustainability the New Black?

3 min
Carbon labels and digital passports are empowering consumers looking to slow down fashion and drive a circular economy

Carbon labels and digital passport for clothing, accessories and shoes may quickly become fashions hottest new trend. Telling end users how to wash or take care of their wares is no longer enough to appease today’s green-led consumers. Weary of greenwashing (only 20 Percent of consumers actually trust brand sustainability claims), consumers are looking for hard facts before giving up their dollars.

I’ve spoken before about the heavy impacts of fast fashion and how the revolving of trends with every season has snowballed into widespread pollution, a waste crisis, and the exploitation of workers. And yet, there are few signs of change.

Educated, value-led consumers, however, remain committed to doing their part in creating a more sustainable planet. 

These new consumer touchpoints aim to hit them right in their woken hearts and loosen up the purse strings by providing the data on the environmental and social impacts of items.

The Carbon Label

A carbon label is a product label that notes the carbon footprint of a product or food item. Following suit with the trend in food, clothing, shoes, and accessories are starting to be adorned with these data-heavy labels, and with good reason.

From Changing Markets Foundation’s ‘Fossil Fashion: The Hidden Reliance on Fossil Fuels’ report:

The carbon footprint of a single polyester shirt is 5.5kg compared to 2.1kg for a cotton shirt.

According to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation (EMF), CO2 emissions for synthetic clothing are six times higher than those for cotton (530 million tonnes of CO2 for plastic-based fibres compared to 86 million tonnes for cotton).

The report further warns, “Without prompt and radical legislative action and a considerable slowdown, fast fashion’s quest for cheap clothing will continue to generate untenable volumes of waste and emit more carbon than the planet can handle.”

There is hope, however. Proving that with effort, a lot can be accomplished in reducing carbon emissions, in May, Adidas launched a high-profile collaboration with Allbirds, producing the Allbirds X Adidas Futurecraft Footprint performance running sneaker. The sneaker has a recorded carbon footprint of 2.94kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per pair, the lowest carbon footprint of any performance sneaker ever.  In comparison, the industry average comes in at 13.6kg of CO2e.

Of course, the brands didn’t miss out on the opportunity to proudly stamp the shoe’s carbon impact onto each sole.

The point is this, however: reducing carbon emissions matters, consumers care, and it’s time the industry listen. 

Digital Passports, delivering transparency and driving a circular economy

Pangaia, a materials science company on a mission to save our environment, has introduced 'digital passports' in apparel with the launch of their Horizon capsule collection. Printed onto care labels, the passports provide not just product, but item specific level data that empowers a circular economy.

The company behind the digital passports is New York startup, EON, who claims to be the first company ever to connect products across their entire lifecycle, from “new to renew”.

“Our goal is to empower our customers to make the best possible choices in a fun and engaging way.” said Maria Srivastava, Chief Impact and Communications Officer at PANGAIA. The company has partnered with well known fashion brands such as H&M and Net-a-Porter, as well as resellers like The Salvation Army Trading Company.

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Jun 15, 2021

Germany Adopts Revolutionary Supply Chain Human Rights Laws

4 min
Supply chain legislation makes German multinational corporations legally responsible for human rights and environmental abuses across global supply chains

While the title states that Germany’s newly adopted that targets human rights abuse across global supply chains is “revolutionary” ─ which it is ─, it certainly shouldn’t be. But nonetheless, today, on June 11th, 2021, the German Parliament has ushered in a long-awaited shift to mandatory company compliance rules. After months of negotiation, the German lawmakers finally pushed it over the finish line within the final days of the current legislative period. The bill will see German multinational corporations held legally responsible for any human rights or environmental abuses found across their global supply chains. 

“The German government has taken a critical step to ensure that companies operate responsibly,” said Juliane Kippenberg, associate director, children's rights division, at Human Rights Watch. “Respect for human rights in global supply chains is not something that should be optional.”

This news comes at a time when global corporations are already being pushed towards environmental, social and governance (ESG) compliance, with a massive drive to reduce Scope 1, 2, and 3 carbon emissions from their supply chain operations and a concerted effort to avoid suppliers and manufacturers that do not meet the standards that industry-leading companies are now expected to meet. 

Who will the new law affect?

With Germany’s new legislation, organisations that fail to meet the rules and regulations could be forced to pay fines potentially equivalent to 2% of their annual global turnover. However, it isn’t applicable to all.

According to Reuters, under the act, companies above a certain size will be forced to establish set due diligence procedures that prevent the abuses; from 2023, only companies with more than 3,000 employees in Germany will be affected. From 2024, the rules will expand to companies with more than 1,000 employees. 

Statistics from within the country suggest that the first stage of this regulation rollout will affect 900 companies, while the second stage will put 4,800 companies under the spotlight. The bill will also enable the government to temporarily exclude from public tenders companies that receive fines in excess of €175,000. 

“Incalculable risks arise for companies,” said Joachim Lang, general manager at the Federation of German Industry. A word of warning from a respected leader, at a time when industry lobby groups and wholesale businesses fear that the new law increases bureaucracy and suggest that price rises may be inbound. 

The Take of German Giants

After looking at the incoming legislation, Daimler AG, known more commonly as the automotive giant Mercedes-Benz, a company which, should there happen to be any ESG-compliance issues along its multinational supply chain, would pay a hefty fee, is welcoming of the push for change but hesitant about certain aspects of the bill. 

“Daimler's position is: The respect for human rights is a central aspect of our sustainable business strategy. We, therefore, welcome the progress made on the Supply Chain Act. Although the regulations are very ambitious, the proposed legislation has a sound approach overall. It is based on internationally recognised human rights and on international agreements. And it gives companies more legal certainty in an area that has so far only been partially regulated.

Supply chains are not "chains" but rather exceedingly complex networks: Daimler alone has over 60,000 direct suppliers - and many more sub-suppliers. For this reason, we also consider the proposed risk-based gradual model to be sensible. The responsibility of the companies lies primarily in their own business area and with their direct suppliers. Companies must then take action in the deeper supply chain if there are concrete indications of human rights violations. Daimler AG already does that today. 

Even though we support the proposed legislation in principle, we consider some aspects to be critical, e.g. the planned fines of up to 2% of the average annual turnover. Instead of threats of sanctions, we consider concrete measures, which companies must take in the event of deficits, to be more expedient. In addition, certain wordings are still vague and leave room for interpretation. Terms such as, e.g. "fair standard of living" should be phrased precisely in order to create legal certainty. Furthermore, documentation and reporting requirements should not lead to unnecessary bureaucracy and should be harmonised with existing rules. On the one hand, this does not help the people on the ground, and on the other hand, it puts a burden on the companies – and the implementation can pose substantial challenges for smaller companies in particular.”

This law is arguably one of the most important developments in the supply chain space so far this year. But it must be remembered that changes do not and will not happen at the push of a button and that democratic principles should be applied to the discussion prior to enshrining legislation into tablature. Environmental and human rights advocacy is a hike, not a brisk walk around the park ─ so, for German companies, it’s time to get their boots on the ground and start assessing their global, interconnected supply chain operations. And, hopefully, they’ll set a stellar example for the rest of us.


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